In an earlier post on adjectives, I talked about the use of –ed and –ing. In IELTS Speaking, particularly in Part 2, it would be a good idea for candidates to say how they feel about the topic given to them. Using expressions or adjectives to describe feelings, candidates might be able to attain a higher score in the Lexical Resource criterion. Of course, this depends on whether or not these words are used accurately. Quite often, I have heard students misunderstand the differences between –ed and –ing and form sentences like:
I was very exciting to see the movie.
I was very excited to see the movie.
Try to think of the correct –ed or –ing adjective to describe the following situations:
- How do you feel when you have just had a hot bath? relaxed
- How can you describe a book that has an unhappy ending? depressing
Use the –ed form when you are referring to your own feelings.
How do you feel when …
- somebody is late for an appointment?
- you receive a low band in the IELTS?
- you are about to go on holiday?
- somebody you don’t know calls you by a different name?
Use the –ing form to refer to a situation that makes you feel something.
How can you describe …
- a film that has many violent and blood scenes?
- a good holiday you have been on?
- low IELTS results?
- a problem that you can’t solve?
- bad news about someone/something you care about?
When you know how to use these correctly and prepare for them skilfully in the one-minute preparation time, you may stand a chance of doing well in not only IELTS Speaking Part 2 but also Parts 1 and 3. You can use them for ANY topic in Part 2, whether it be about the past, present, or the future. Expressions to describe feelings apply across the three parts of the interview as well and you should practise frequently. Gather some useful phrases that you come across for reference.
Feel free to share and compare your answers with other IELTS students in the Reply box below.
Until next time!